This article aims to respond to the following question: Under wh at circumstances does organizational commitment fail to protect individuals from ill - being in difficult work situations? A qualitative study was conducted to discover an answer. The life stories of ten executives were examined. The findings of t his exploratory research study show that o rganizational commitment, and more specifically the ensemble of its dimensions (affective, continuance, normative) can co - exist with ill - being situations at work . Specifically, the results reveal the potentially protective effect of affective commitment on ill - being up to a certain threshold, and more precisely, up to its transformation into organizational identification.