The focus of this chapter is on communication (and partially, computing) solutions which allow satisfying demands from the immediate aftermath of a disaster until full restoration of pre-disaster communication infrastructure and services. As traffic demand might differ substantially from the one in the pre-disaster scenario, due to the specific needs of post-disaster scenarios, it appears evident that a simple restoration of existing infrastructure and services might not be sufficient to satisfy it, and that specific solutions are required. This chapter reviews the most relevant post-disaster scenarios, outlining a set of reference use cases and their communication requirements. Then, it presents an overview of the state of the art for emergency and post-disaster communications. Finally, it focuses on a set of specific solutions of special relevance for disaster scenarios, outlining the main research challenges which are open to date.