In this work, an experimental investigation of the grounding system behavior of tall wind turbines in both time and frequency domains is presented. Two scenarios were considered: in the first one, measurements were carried out on the grounding system embedded in the wind turbine foundation, before assembly of the wind turbine itself; in the second one, the complete wind turbine (tower, nacelle and blades) was included. The study also presents an enhanced signal processing technique for noise cancelation in a harsh electromagnetic environment. In the analysis, the frequency dependence of the grounding impedance was evaluated and a numerical simulation in steady state was performed. The simulation model leads to a satisfactory representation of the studied system. Preliminary results show that the evaluated grounding impedance is not significantly affected by the presence of the complete wind turbine at the evaluated frequencies.