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Although remarkable improvements have been made, the natural control of hand prostheses in everyday life is still challenging. Changes in limb position can considerably affect the robustness of pattern recognition-based myoelectric control systems, even if various strategies were proposed to mitigate this effect. In this paper, we investigate the possibility of selecting a set of training movements that is robust to limb position change, performing a trade-off between training time and accuracy. Four able-bodied subjects were recorded while following a training protocol for myoelectric hand prostheses control. The protocol is composed of 210 combinations of arm positions, forearm orientations, wrist orientations and hand grasps. To the best of our knowledge, it is among the most complete including changes in limb positions. A training reduction paradigm was used to select subsets of training movements from a group of subjects that were tested on the left-out subject’s data. The results show that a reduced training set (30 to 50 movements) allows a substantial reduction of the training time while maintaining reasonable performance, and that the trade-off between performance and training time appears to depend on the chosen classifier. Although further improvements can be made, the results show that properly selected training sets can be a viable strategy to reduce the training time while maximizing the performance of the classifier against variations in limb position.

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