Entrepreneurial acceleration is a fast-emerging form of intensive, highly structured, and temporally compressed programs of enterprise-oriented training and networking linking innovative start-ups to resources for growth. A central feature of acceleration programs is the value created via the exchange of resources among stakeholders involved in the accelerator. While sharing common structural elements and components, however, the type of resource exchange offered by acceleration programs differ widely depending on the stakeholder setting. Specifically, this study uses resource exchange theory to analyze four dominant stakeholder-settings for entrepreneurial acceleration; namely investor-based, corporate-based, university-based and government-based acceleration programs, and we identify six major characterizing variables that express peculiarities in the exchange process. Our findings open-up opportunities for understanding the multifaceted exchange of resources across different types of acceleration programs, as well as the value adding role of acceleration in the entrepreneurial ecosystem.