This paper presents a study of the efficiency of machine learning algorithms applied on an image recognition task. The dataset is composed of aerial GeoTIFF images of 5 different vineyards taken with a drone. It presents the application of two different classification algorithms with an efficiency comparison over a small dataset. A Neural Network algorithm for classification through the TensorFlow platform will be explained first, and a Decision Tree Ensemble algorithm for classification through a machine learning platform will be explained second. This work shows that the accuracy of the Decision Tree Ensemble algorithm (94.27%) outperforms the accuracy of the Deep Learning algorithm (91.22%). This result is based on the final detection accuracy as well as on the computation time.