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Medium to long-distance underground ac lines and both short- and long-distance HVdc are frequently integrated into network expansion plans. In conjunction with growing numbers of power-electronic converters in the grid, there is a rising risk related to the effects of harmonic currents. Resonance analysis should therefore be part of power system expansion planning. In this paper, network harmonic modeling and analysis are discussed, in particular, power transformer and power converter frequency models are proposed. Frequency scanning and resonance mode analysis are compared and discussed. The changes in resonance response due to transmission network expansion are drawn. The methods are applied to the investigation of the impact of one link reinforcement, both ac and ac solutions, as well as the impact of the power transformer disconnection. The performed analysis enables finding the resonance location at each studied case. The frequency analysis methods presented in this paper enable forseeing network frequency behavior that is valuable for both network analysis and network expansion planning.

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