Social enterprise refers to a typology of enterprises whose main objectives are social or environmental. Social enterprises seek to create social value, in relation to activities and managerial practices put in place. This type of firm is increasingly observed in several countries such as the United Kingdom, Switzerland, France and Italy. The phenomenon involves both non-for-profit and for-profit businesses, whose main objective is social good rather than maximizing profit. This paper explores the phenomenon in a Western European context and how these social enterprises might provide innovative solutions to pressing societal problems.